Aspects of Kentish Local History
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Archaeologia Cantiana - Vol. 58 1945 page 80
A Prehistoric Occupation Site above Elham
MR. N. E. Toke writes that it seems worth recording that he and Mr. T. N. T. Vachell came upon such a site before the War. The occupation area covered two fields on either side of a footpath leading from Elham Station eastwards towards Acrise on the flat summit of the high ground, and beyond the chalk pits shown on the 6 in. Ordnance Map of Elham. On these two fields—then arable—almost every piece of flint bore signs of working; and there were literally hundreds of flakes, scrapers, axes (roughly chipped into very serviceable edges but with rough butts), flaking tools, choppers, a few saws, numerous arrowshaft scrapers, rough lance heads, borers, and large rough celts which
might have been used for cultivation, but scarcely any arrow heads. There was no pottery but he found round stones which bore marks of the fire, and had evidently been used as pot boilers. He records only one large celt which shown signs of grinding.
Mr. Toke noted that the absence of well made arrow heads was curious as he has found good specimens in the valleys, notably on the Folkestone Golf Course beside the stream which runs through it; and also at Hougham.
The worked material did not occur for more than 200 yards on either side of the path though it extended laterally north and south of it for some way.
Lambeth Palace—the Name MR. Torr's footnote to his article "A Canterbury Pilgrimage in 1723"1 repeats the statement, now apparently gaining ground, that the name of Lambeth Palace is a modern usage: one high authority recently spoke of it as an example of Victorian snobbery. These ideas should be modified.
A roll of household accounts among the Lambeth Library manuscripts, dated 1445-6, gives details of repairs to the buildings "in Palacio Lamheth."2 This was the official designation of the Manor House, foremost among the many manors of the primacy throughout Surrey, Kent and Sussex.
The same phrase is used in the Latin writings of men
like Erasmus, who meets Archbishop Warham "in his own palace at Lambeth,"3 or in the description which Alexander Aless, Rector of the University of Leipzig, gave to Queen Elizabeth of his vision of Anne Boleyn's execution and his rush to Cranmer's "palace" to learn the truth.4
1 Arch. Cant., 1944.
2 Story of Lambeth Palace. D. Gardiner (Constable, 1930), p. xiv.
3 Ibid., p. 72: --- cf. Knight, Life of Erasmus (1726), p. 82.
4 Cal. Foreign Papers, R.O. 1303 (September 1st, 1559), and cf. Gardiner, p. 87.
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