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Archaeologia Cantiana -  Vol. 1  1858  page 74

Hackington, or St Stephen's’, Canterbury. Collar of SS. 
By Edward Foss, F.S.A.

local investigation, and afford materials for many a future paper in our Transactions.

   But the subject that happened to interest me on a late visit to its church was not the antiquity of its structure, nor the lineage of those who were interred in it, but the collar of SS, encircling the bust of Sir Roger Manwood, Lord Chief Baron of the Exchequer, that ornaments the monument erected by himself in the south cross. It recalled to my mind several other examples which our county exhibits, viz. the monuments of 

Sir Roger Manwood

Joan of Navarre, Queen of Henry IV., in Canterbury Cathedral ; of Nicholas Manston (1441), in the church of St. Lawrence, in the Isle of Thanet; of an unnamed person, supposed to be one of the Septvans family, in the Holland chancel of Ash Church; and of another in the church of Teynham; on all which the effigies are decorated with the collar of SS. Being thus naturally induced to inquire into its origin and its use, the result of my investigation may not be unacceptable to the Society, and at all events may lead to some more satisfactory elucidation.
   The collar of SS has been a common puzzle with antiquaries. While all have agreed that it is a mark of distinction given to privileged persons, they have differed on almost every other question connected with it. First, whether its form is the representation of a letter or of something else;—next, as to its signification, if a

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