to the fancy of the sculptor or the mistake of the
With regard to the chiefs of the three Courts, it is uncertain
how soon they were distinguished by this collar.
Of all the chiefs during the reigns of Henry IV. and
Henry V., the only monument that I know of is that of
Chief Justice William Gascoigne, at Harewood in Yorkshire,
on which he is represented in official robes, but
without the collar.
In the reign .of Henry VI., we have the monuments
of Sir William Hankford, in the church of Monkleigh,
in Devonshire (1422); Sir John Juyn, in Bedclyffe
church, Bristol (1440); Sir William Cheyne, in St.
Benet's church in Paul's Wharf, London (1442); Sir
John Fortescue, at Ebrington, in Gloucestershire (qu.
147-1?); Sir John Cottesmore, at Brightwell, in Oxfordshire
(1439);—all Chief Justices, in none of which is the effigy ornamented with the collar. But in the Wyke
chapel of Yatton church, Somersetshire, is an uninscribed
monument of a judge, the figure exhibiting a
collar of SS over the judicial dress. This is assigned to
Chief Justice Sir Richard Newton, who died about 1449,
and there are many facts in' his history which support
this conjecture, which some may think receives a sufficient
answer by the exceptional introduction of the collar
not yet assumed by those who held the same office.
In the five following reigns, from Edward IV. to
Henry VIII., there is no trace of the collar on the judicial
dress, although several monumental effigies of
chief justices remain, as those of Chief Justices Sir
Thomas Billing (1481), in Wappenham church, Northamptonshire;
Sir Robert Brudenell (1531), in the
church of Dean, in the same county; Sir John FitzJames (1542), in Bruton church,
In the reign of Edward VI., however, there is an un-
1 Fairholt's 'Costumes of England,'